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Ethereum Layer 2 scaling solutions

Comparing Layer-2 Ethereum Scaling Solutions Scaling Ethereum. Basically, there are two ways to scale a blockchain. One is to work on the main chain itself to... Ethereum's Layer-2 Scaling Solutions. We'll be covering the following Layer-2 solutions along with their different... Sidechain Pros and. An L2 solution runs on top of the main chain (Layer 1 or L1) of Ethereum. It exists on the Ethereum network as a smart contract and does not need changes to the base level protocol to interact. L2 solutions have different functions, like scaling payments, off-chain computation, or smart contracts The layer 2 scaling solution for Bitcoin is called Lightning Network. The solution for Ethereum is called Plasma. The concepts for both are developed by Joseph Poon There are two scaling solutions that use zkRollups and live on mainnet: Loopring and zkSync. The major difference between them is the choice of the underlying proof system

Layer 2 is a collective term for solutions designed to help scale your application by handling transactions off the Ethereum mainnet (layer 1), while taking advantage of the robust decentralized security model of mainnet. Transaction speed suffers when the network is busy which can make the user experience poor for certain types of dapps Plasma is a Layer 2 scaling solution that was originally proposed by Joseph Poon and Vitalik Buterin. It's a framework for building scalable applications on Ethereum. Plasma leverages the use of smart contracts and Merkle trees to enable the creation of an unlimited number of child chains - copies of the parent Ethereum blockchain Stephen: Ethereum scaling solutions like OMG Network help the entire ecosystem with price transparency, fairness, and liquidity in the market. Scaling solutions also free up Ethereum to support services predicated on smart contracts

The Layer 2 scaling solutions are decentralized protocols which increase the processing capacity of a blockchain (hence scaling) and as a result relieve congestion on the network. They work by delegating the network processing off-chain to their own chain, processing it there, before settling the final balances on the base layer mainnet The SKALE network is an open source security and execution Ethereum Layer 2 scaling solution, which relies on elastic side chains to divert processing off the mainnet. The developers and users can take advantage of the high performance side chains executing sub-second block times, running up to 2,000 TPS per chain that run full-state smart contracts, decentralized storage, execute Rollups, and machine learning in EVM Sidechains and Layer 2 solutions are here to tackle the scaling problem of Ethereum until its transition to Ethereum 2.0 in completed. For each transaction on Ethereum a certain amount of Gas needs to be paid. The amount depends on the computational effort. A simple transfer of ETH costs 21.000 Gas while a trade on Uniswap can cost 250.000 Gas

While Ethereum 2.0 is slowly making its way towards launch the community has been playing with layer 2 scalability solutions to alleviate the pain of slow expensive transactions. The main goal of these is to reduce activity on the Ethereum blockchain , by moving transactional activity elsewhere, while still maintaining the main chain as the guarantor of security The Ethereum community was expecting the layer 2 scaling solutions to be deployed in March but the developers have pushed the launch up until July. According to the developers who spoke to the. These layer 2 scaling solutions are a powerful argument for the long-term value of programmable blockchains like ethereum

The mission of OMG Network is to enable fast and secure value transfer for the world through its layer-2 scaling solution, More Viable Plasma (MoreVP) - a specification to increase the processing capacity of Ethereum. OMG Network deployed its MoreVP Ethereum scaling solution to mainnet on June 1, 2020 Optimism leverages Optimistic Rollups, a Layer 2 solution that aims to make Ethereum more scalable. Optimistic Rollups run on a sidechain to Ethereum, and they offer the composability that allows DeFi protocols to work like so-called money legos

Comparing Layer-2 Ethereum Scaling Solution

This is where Layer 2 solutions come into play in order to make Ethereum a competitive smart contract development platform today. What Are Layer 2 Solutions? Before we can understand what Layer 2 scaling solutions are, we need to understand what Layer 1 is and work our way up Layer two scaling solutions promise to bring scalability to Ethereum before the launch of ETH 2.0. Starkware's ZK Rollup solution can theoretically scale Ethereum for over 50 million users while keeping fees below $0.01. For users to trust second layer solutions, wallet providers must bake in mechanisms that guarantee users won't lose their funds. Share this articl Layer 1 (L1) is the base protocol (the Ethereum blockchain), while Layer 2 (L2) is any protocol built on top of Ethereum. As reported , Optimism is an L2 scaling solution, which allows for the Ethereum mainnet to be 'unburdened'. Matic Network, known for providing Layer 2 scaling solutions, is rebranding as Polygon and launching on the Ethereum blockchain. The new Matic will help to solve Ethereum's lingering scaling issues and the high transaction fees that have made Ethereum almost unusable. Like Polkadot, Polygon will possess multi-chain functionalities that are. Ethereum Layer-2 Scaling Solution Arbitrum Inches Closer to Launch. Offchain Labs has announced that its Ethereum Layer 2 scaling solution, Arbitrum now comes with a transaction sequencer. The team says the Arbitrum Sequencer testnet will go live on May 14, while the Arbitrum mainnet will be opened to developers on May 28, 2021

Best Ethereum Layer 2 Solutions - Altcoin Projects

  1. Ethereum Scaling Solutions: DeFi, Layer-2, and Ethereum (Polygon and Injective Protocol) - YouTube. Ethereum Scaling Solutions: DeFi, Layer-2, and Ethereum (Polygon and Injective Protocol) Watch.
  2. In this regard, Ethereum's approach is to take both directions simultaneously — i.e., scale on layer one by implementing sharding and transitioning to a proof-of-stake consensus mechanism (Ethereum 2.0), and also use sidechain solutions like the one Polygon is building to scale even more and sooner
  3. ary mainnet on January 15
  4. Matter Labs Unveils Layer-2 Scaling Solution for Ethereum Payments The latest ethereum hard fork, Istanbul, is bringing Layer 2 solutions to the network - this time in the form of a payment channel
  5. Hermez zk-rollup is a layer 2 construction on top of Ethereum that solves its scalability through mass transfer processing rolled into a single transaction. The zero-knowledge proof (ZK) technology is used to present and publicly record the validity and correctness of the rolled transfers processed on the Ethereum blockchain
Ethereum Layer 2 Scaling Explained – Finematics

Perhaps one of the most highly-anticipated events of the year in the crypto industry, layer-2 Ethereum scaling solution Arbitrum recently announced that it had deployed the Arbitrum contracts on Ethereum mainnet. Simultaneously, the project has also started onboarding infrastructure and projects, the announcement adds What are Layer 2 Solutions? Layer 2 solutions are built on top of the base layer, Ethereum mainnet in this case, which allows them to move operations away from the mainnet. These systems use Ethereum mainnet for settlement only. Let's elaborate on how layer 2 solutions work. Every transaction involves multiple operations Layer 2 is a solution to scalability and more reasonable fees. Layer 2 is a collective term for solutions designed to help scale your application by handling transactions off the main Ethereum chain (layer 1). Transaction speed suffers when the network is busy which can make the user experience poor for certain types of dapps Layer 2 scaling solutions for Ethereum Mainnet have been under development for the last few years, and are now becoming ready to take on real applications. Building your application on a Layer 2 will help you achieve much higher throughput than running all your operations directly on Layer 1

Examples of Layer 2 scaling solutions are the Lightning Network for Bitcoin, the Loom Network, Raiden, and Plasma Cash for Ethereum. Layer 2 Solutions Have Potential A common denominator among the layer 2 solutions mentioned above is that they use the certainty provided by a public blockchain as a foundation for systems that scale the usefulness of blockchain applications The good news, then, is that an ecosystem of layer-two (L2) scaling solutions has already bloomed around Ethereum and is offering multiple different avenues to scale Ethereum for the masses. Layer-two, we say, because these innovations work by being appended to Ethereum from the blockchain's periphery rather than via making modifications to the reigning smart contract platform's base. Ethereum Scaling Development. The co-founder of Ethereum and the Ethereum Foundation, Vitalik Buterin, recently stated that Layer 2 scaling solutions are starting to show results Layer 2 Solutions do not aim to solve the problem but several types of scalability issues: some to scale payment, some are used for scaling smart contract, and some to do computation off-chain. The common idea is to move most of the work off-chain and use permissionless blockchain as anchors to ensure security Current scaling solutions include state channels, sidechains, sharding and zero knowledge proofs. A few layer 2 solutions have been implemented but none are widely adopted yet. The Lightning network on Bitcoin and Plasma implementations on Ethereum are the best known layer 2 protocols

Luckily for Ethereum, its ecosystem of layer-two scaling solutions is also swelling and advancing toward maturity. These tools will drastically increase transaction throughput abilities and in kind drastically lower gas prices. In other words, these innovations are some of the biggest keys to Ethereum's adoption by the mainstream's masses So ETH 2.0 is still quite a far bit out, but what about layer 2 solutions on ETH 1.0? Is it possible we see something working, i.e 1000's of TPS on Ethereum some time within say, the next year? Thanks That's where layer 2 solutions can shine. What is layer 2 for a blockchain? That's another chain connected to the main one, that can be used to transfer assets from Layer 1. The layer 2 scaling solution for Bitcoin is called Lightning Network. The solution for Ethereum is called Plasma. The concepts for both are developed by Joseph Poon The Layer 2 solutions for Ethereum scaling fall into three major categories, state channels plasma and rollups. Each has their own set of tradeoffs. State Channels. State channels open up a channel for participants to transact with that's off the main network Execs from Polygon (formerly known as Matic) and Injective Protocol discuss DeFi, Layer-2, and Ethereum. Explore diverse topics from Ethereum scaling to the.

Layer 2 Solutions for Ethereum - How Do They Work

Evaluating Ethereum L2 Scaling Solutions: A Comparison

  1. Aztec, an Ethereum based protocol, has released its L2 scaling solution coupled with the project's fundamental aspect of privacy. The startup announced this news in a Medium post earlier today, noting that Aztec 2.0 is now live on the Ropsten testnet. This comes as one of the many reliefs to an ailing Ethereum ecosystem due to network congestion and high gas costs
  2. Giá Ethereum tăng cao và sẽ rất tốn kém để thực hiện giao dịch, đặc biệt là trong thời gian cao điểm. Giải pháp layer 2: Vì L2 tiêu tốn ít gas hơn việc thực hiện giao dịch trực tiếp trên L1, phí giao dịch trên L2 sẽ giảm hơn nhiều. Các giải pháp L2 tiết kiệm chi phí nhất.
  3. We highly recommend Evaluating Ethereum Layer 2 Scaling Solutions: A Comparison Framework for a deeper dive into the distinct differences between sidechains. In our comparison of Layer-2 solutions, we saw that while Rollups are great in terms of security and give significant scalability over Layer 1, they do not completely solve for the challenge of micropayments needed for Mysterium.
  4. As Ethereum has grown increasingly popular, the platform needs Layer-2 scaling solutions more than ever to handle the growing demand. That's where Loopring Pay comes in. Built by the Loopring team, Loopring Pay allows users to send free ETH and ERC20 transactions in instantaneous fashion, and it's available to use today
  5. g ways in which they can drive and connect their liquidity over a Layer 2 solution. ETH 2.0 will also put downward pressure on fees and, in combination with Layer 2 scaling solutions, will make room for a level of financial activity that is magnitudes greater than what currently exists

Layer-2 Scaling on Ethereum. Layer-2 scaling solutions are an essential part of Ethereum development, so let's review before we get into the mechanics of the OMG Network. Scalability in this context refers to a blockchain's ability to process a high volume of transactions both quickly and cheaply This is Ethereum layer 2 scaling solutions by Novum Insights on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them Hiện tại, Ethereum chỉ có một giải pháp duy nhất là Ethereum 2.0 Mở rộng ngoài chuỗi (Off-Chain Scaling) là các giải pháp giảm áp lực xử lý giao dịch lên chuỗi khối gốc bằng cách xử lý giao dịch trên 1 lớp thứ 2 (layer 2)

However, in the latest development, Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin claims that the Layer 2 scaling solutions for the existing Ethereum network are on the right track. While everyone wasn't. This acts as a layer-2 scaling solution for Ethereum since users can retain full functionality, while the strain on the blockchain is eased. Buterin later advised that people who were just moving tokens around on Ethereum should look into using a ZK-rollup tool - many of which already exist

Optimistic About Ethereum. L2 scaling developers at the Plasma Group announced the launch of their Optimistic Ethereum testnet in late September. The team has developed a system called OVM, which is a fully-featured Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) compliant execution environment designed for Layer 2 systems Mark Cuban Invests in Ethereum Layer 2 Polygon. Billionaire investor Mark Cuban has made an investment in Polygon, a layer 2 Ethereum scaling solution. Cuban confirmed the investment in an email. Many sidechain projects misleadingly present themselves as layer-2 scaling solutions. This article explains what makes a chain an L2, for absolute beginners. Typically the layer-1 chain (L1) has higher security and liquidity, and the layer-2 (L2) is a new chain wanting to leech security and liquidity from L1. Let's walk through a simple example. The demand for scaling on Ethereum is increasing. More decentralized finance ( DeFi ) protocols like Aave have been experimenting with implementing Layer-2 (L2) solutions. DeFi flash loan lending platform Aave has launched its own L2 scaling solution by allowing its aTokens to be ported to the Plasma powered Matic Network

Metis Closes $4 Million Investment Round to Fund Its Layer 2 Solution Development. Ethereum layer-two scaling solution Metis has successfully closed a funding round worth $4 million to finance further scalability solutions. Ethereum layer-two protocol, Metis, announced that they've successfully closed $4 million in a brand new funding round As Ethereum 2.0 remains far off (with Phase 1.5 already looking at a 12+ month timeline), projects like Polkadot and Polygon represent effective Layer 2 solutions to remedy Ethereum's major stumbling blocks. When it comes down to a head-to-head comparison, Polygon's multi-chain infrastructure and ability to fully benefit from Ethereum's. Ethereum Layer-2 Scaling Solution Arbitrum Inches Closer to Launch. May 13, 2021. Offchain Labs has announced that its Ethereum Layer 2 scaling solution, Arbitrum now comes with a transaction sequencer. The team says the Arbitrum Sequencer testnet will go live on May 14, while the Arbitrum mainnet will be opened to developers on May 28, 2021

Layer 2 Rollups ethereum

Ethereum 2.0 Teams Ethereum 2.0 Teams Teams Building Eth 2.0 Teku Harmony Lighthouse Lodestar Nimbus Prysm Shasper Trinity Nethermind Yeeth Ethereum 1.x Stateless Clients Layer 2 Scaling Layer 2 Scaling ZK-Rollups ZK-Rollups Table of contents. Backgroun Plasma is a layer-2 scaling solution that was originally proposed by Joseph Poon and Vitalik Buterin in their paper Plasma: Scalable Autonomous Smart Contracts. It is a framework for building scalable applications. Plasma uses a combination of smart contracts and cryptographic verification. Together, these enable fast and cheap transactions by. Therefore, Ethereum may have to look for interim solutions to relieve the congestion. Fortunately, layer 2 solutions like Optimistic Rollups, ZK-Rollups, and Plasma side chains have all been making significant progress in recent weeks. The following updates are all from the last 30 days. Hello, OMG Networ On Friday, as layer 2 Ethereum scaling solution Arbitrum opened its mainnet to developers, Uniswap tokenholders voted to deploy the exchange onto the platform. Arbitrum is one of many different options being developed to scale Ethereum, which has become bogged down and expensive, a victim of its own popularity. 1/ Layer 2 scaling solutions negate the market friction that is potentially slowing DeFi's shoot to the moon: the fewer barriers that exist to trading, the more people will trade. This also comes at a time when mainstream media outlets continue to report on the record prices set by cryptocurrencies, attracting the attention of potential new users

We believe the same will be true for Ethereum, and therefore that the answer to scaling is all of the above, including Ethereum 2.0, bridged Layer 1s, and Layer 2 solutions. We've spent a great deal of time looking at various approaches and teams building Layer 2s, and today we're thrilled to announce we are leading a $25 million Series A investment in Optimism Rollups are a powerful new layer-2 scaling paradigm, and are expected to be a cornerstone of Ethereum scaling in the short and medium-term future (and possibly long-term as well). They have seen a large amount of excitement from the Ethereum community because unlike previous attempts at layer-2 scaling, they can support general-purpose EVM code, allowing existing applications to easily migrate. Immutable X is the first Layer-2 scaling solution for NFTs on Ethereum, with instant trade confirmation, massive scalability (at least 9,000 trades per second), zero gas fees -- all without. Ethereum Layer 2 scaling solution Hermez Network that uses ZK-Rollups technology for scalability has gone live. The development means Hermez's mainnet has been launched, and users can now make transfers at lower gas costs

Ethereum Layer 2 Scaling Explained - Finematic

The teams behind decentralized exchange protocol 0x and Ethereum scalability platform Polygon today announced they are spending $10.5 million in a bid to get users to use the Polygon network.. The cash, they say, will make it easier for developers to build DeFi infrastructure on Polygon via Ethereum.. Polygon is an Ethereum layer 2 scaling solution USDT integrates with OMG Network in Ethereum scalability boost. Major cryptocurrency exchange Bitfinex has teamed up with Ethereum ETH, -2.06% scalability project OMG Network OMG, -5.75% (formerly known as OmiseGO) to enable transfers of Ethereum-based Tether USDT, 0.10% tokens through the OMG Network value transfer layer The immediate answer is Layer 2 (L2) scaling solutions. Layer 2 solutions are built on top of Ethereum (off-chain to mitigate congestion on the main chain) but directly rely on Ethereum's security and finality to offer near instant and affordable Ethereum transactions—namely things like transferring, trading, or staking tokens But it is not only layer 1 chains that are gaining support, but layer 2 solutions are getting just as much usage. Polygon, previously known as Matic, is one such project that is working on transforming Ethereum (ETH) into a multi-chain ecosystem with secured Layer 2 chains and standalone chains

Evaluating Ethereum L2 Scaling Solutions: A Comparison

Crypto perpetual contracts offered by decentralized derivatives exchange dYdX have gone live on StarkWare, the Ethereum layer-2 scaling solution. The full launch means there is no more closed alpha of the scaling solution, which was launched in February with limited deposits. With the transition to our Layer 2 protocol, we've built an entirely. Layer 1 is the underlying main blockchain architecture. Ethereum and Bitcoin chains are considered Layer 1 and although these chains kickstarted the blockchain industry into gear, evolution is inevitable. As a way to meet the needs of scalability, Layer 2 solutions were introduced. How does Layer 2 actually work Ethereum inventor Vitalik Buterin has submitted a proposal that would allow communication between two protocols using second-layer scaling solutions known as rollups. Titled Cross-rollup DEX with smart contracts only on the destination side the proposal allows a user to send funds from one rollup to another in the event that only one of the two users has full smart contract support and. The extra layer is where the transactions and processes take place in what is known as off-chain scaling solutions. This promotes faster transactions, without the security of the network being compromised. There are a number of Layer 2 solutions that have been developed with the goal of speeding up throughput in mind April 16th - May 13th 2021. Build with an entire ecosystem at your back. At Scaling Ethereum, you'll have the support of a huge community of experts, mentors, sponsors, developer advocates, and other community members who want to help you build something awesome

The Future Of Ethereum With Layer-2 Scaling Solutions

Another Scaling Solution for Bitcoin. Layer 2 solutions are one of the key components of Ethereum's scaling strategy until the rollout of Ethereum 2.0 is complete. Loopring claims that token swaps on their exchange cost as little as 2 US-cents Matic Network, known for providing Layer 2 scaling solutions, is rebranding as Polygon and launching on the Ethereum blockchain. The new Matic will help to solve Ethereum's lingering scaling. Optimism, Ethereum's Layer 2 solution, has announced that it will postpone the launch of the public main net until July 2021. The developing community needs time. Optimism is developing Optimistic Rollup, which is attracting attention as a measure against the soaring gas charges on Ethereum The MANTRA DAO team believes that the Matic Network (MATIC) is one of the most promising or high-potential Ethereum layer-2 scaling solutions. As mentioned in a blog post by MANTRA DAO: Searc Davis is also bullish on the layer 2 scaling solution Optimism. These measures, they're going to help massively, but the really big one that is getting a lot of people excited, that could be pretty game-changing for the Ethereum ecosystem is called Optimism. This is new Ethereum technology shipping to Ethereum's mainnet in Marc

Ethereum has been seeing an upward trend, and demand may increase further in anticipation of the upcoming ETH 2.0 update expected in Q3 2020. Ethereum is scheduled to undergo a major change of its Ethereum Founder Vitalik Buterin Says Layer 2 Scaling Solution Has 'Basically' Succeeded | Blockchain New Loopring is the first scalable DEX protocol built with zkRollup, a type of secure Layer 2 scaling solution designed for Ethereum. Built on top of the Loopring protocol, the non-custodial Ethereum exchange comes with a highly performant AMM & order book-based exchange with Ethereum security guarantees While the developer community continues to work on scalability in the form of Ethereum 2.0, its implementation may take a long time. Meanwhile, Layer 2 solutions continue to be the stop-gap solution that helps platforms involved in high-frequency micropayments, like AdEx Network to operate smoothly

Layer 1 (L1) is the base protocol (the Ethereum blockchain), while Layer 2 (L2) is any protocol built on top of Ethereum. Optimism is an L2 scaling solution, which allows for the Ethereum mainnet to be 'unburdened' from the great number of transactions it has to process Ethereum Layer-2 solutions implemented by Coinbase. Popular crypto exchange platform, Coinbase has added a Layer 2 solutions to transactions carried out on its Ethereum platform to enable a quicker and cheaper level of transactions. The company which made the integration known via an announcement made on its twitter handle said they were.

Layer 2 Scaling Solution zkTube Provides Update. The zkTube protocol, first proposed by Vitalik Buterin, is a second layer scaling solution that uses zero-knowledge proof to solve the congestion problem of the Ethereum network. It was launched on April 27 and has been running normally Arbitrum, an Optimistic Rollup scaling solution for Ethereum, has successfully launched for developers. Layer 2 scaling aims to reduce congestion on the base chain while still benefitting from its. Enya, a provider of software frameworks for privacy-preserving computation, in partnership with OMG Network, a provider of Ethereum scaling development, announced today the public testnet of OMGX, a layer-2 platform that supports Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) compatible smart contracts, token staking, and streamlined cross-chain liquidity. OMGX is the result of the research by Enya and [

Top 5 Ethereum Layer 2 Projects For Lucrative Investments

Several teams rolled out Ethereum scaling research this past fall, and as one of the most active spaces on Ethereum, DEXs are among the first projects to try the next generation of Ethereum scaling solutions. There are four main types of Layer 2 scaling plans to cover across these DEXs. Uniswap. IDEX. Loopring. 0x & DeversiF Golem takes a step forward towards the adoption of Layer 2 scalability solutions on Ethereum, with the UX-first approach by Matter Labs' zkSync: a scaling technique powered by zkRollups. Learn here why we chose this, what is it about, and why it is essential for the Ethereum ecosystem to keep pushing for these solutions

Ethereum Layer 2 Scaling Solution SKALE Network To Launch

Ethereum Layer 2 presents a less congested solution. OpenOcean is also the first DeFi and CeFi aggregator. In some exciting news, OpenOcean has now become the first to integrate Loopring Ethereum Layer 2. Additionally, OpenOcean will now be known as the first DeFi and CeFi aggregator. The development is expected to bring along enormous advantages PhoenixDAO still strongly believes in the Ethereum network and is committed to keeping its services in strong support of the Ethereum blockchain, especially its Layer 2 scaling solution. At the same time, the project is introducing a multi-chain approach that will accommodate the specific needs of a wider variety of users

The concept of Layer 2 blockchain technology is starting to gain steam. The early years of this industry have seen countless products attempt to use blockchain as a technical solution to their problem. Some of these solutions have been successful, while others have run up against some of blockchain's native limitations. Scale is the big Gaming veteran Atari partners with Ethereum's L2 solution Polygon By Jake Simmons 26. February 2021 No Comments. Source: Atari will explore minting NFTs via Polygon's layer 2 scaling solution and launch an NFT mint that will allow Atari token holders to issue NFTs that can be traded and later sold on the NFT marketplace OpenSea Layer 2 scaling developers at the Plasma Group have recently announced the launch of their Optimistic Ethereum testnet, which will be deployed on projects to test much needed scaling solutions. Essentially, Layer 2 scaling involves taking work off the root chain to process data and transactions faster

Understanding Layer 2 solutions for Ethereum with

Did You Know: Scaling Ethereum - Sidechains vs Layer 2

Ethereum L2 Scaling Solution Delayed until July Coinspeake

Cartesi Unveils Optimistic Rollups Aiming to ReduceHermez — Sustainable Scalability for Ethereum 1Layer 2: Rollups - Delphi DigitalPlasma — Layer 2 Scaling protocol - Coinmonks - MediumMark Cuban Invests in Polygon, Says He's Optimistic on
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